Comprehension का अर्थ है- ‘समझ’। यह जाँचने के लिए होता है कि उम्मीदवार को अंग्रेजी भाषा की सामान्य समझ है या नहीं। प्रश्नों को हल करने के लिए-
  1. Passage को पढ़ने से पहले एक बार पूछे गए प्रश्नों को देख लें। इनमें प्राय: उत्तर तुरंत मिल जाता है। Passage को पढ़ते समय पूरी एकाग्रता रखें।
  2. जब आप एक प्रश्न का उत्तर ढूँढ रहे हैं, तो दूसरे तथ्य भी आपके सामने आ जाते हैं। प्रश्न तो पहले देख ही चुके होते हैं, अतः ध्यान दीजिए कि जो दूसरा तथ्य आपके सामने आया है, यह किसी दूसरे प्रश्न का उत्तर है या नहीं। प्रायः दूसरे या तीसरे प्रश्न का उत्तर आपको पहले ही बार reading में मिल जायेगा। अगर दुविधा हो, तो Passage को पुनः पढ़ना चाहिए।
  3. कभी-कभी Passage के तथ्यों के अनुसार किसी प्रश्न के एक से अधिक उत्तर संभव लगते हैं और दुविधा उत्पन्न होती है। कभी-कभी कोई स्पष्ट उत्तर नजर नहीं आता है। ऐसी स्थिति में मूल तथ्य का चुनाव उत्तर निर्धारण के लिए करना चाहिए, अर्थात् अपने उत्तर को मूल तथ्य पर ही आधारित करना चाहिए, थोड़ा तर्क करने से तुरंत ही यह समझ में आ जाता है।
  4. अपने प्रश्नों के उत्तर Passage में व्यक्त विचारों के आधार पर ही दें। तथ्य उचित है या अनुचित, इसपर विचार नहीं करना चाहिए। यदि Passage में व्यक्त विचार या सूचनाएँ आपके अनुसार गलत भी हैं, तो आप अपना उत्तर उन्हीं पर आधारित रखें।
अभ्यास और नमूने के तौर पर यहाँ कुछ Passage प्रस्तुत किए जा रहे हैं। इन्हें हल करने की कोशिश करें। अंत में दिए गए उत्तर से मिलायें और अपनी योग्यता का मूल्यांकन करें तथा तद्नुसार और अधिक अभ्यास करें जब तक आप संतुष्ट न हों।


Men who are always grumbling about their poverty complaining of their difficulties, whinning over their troubles and thinking that their lot in this world is mean and poor will never get any happiness out of life or achieve any success. However mean our life may be, if we face it bravely and honestly and try to make the best of it, we shall find that after all it is not so bad as we thought, and we may have our time of happiness and the joys of success. There is nothing common or unclean, until we make it so by the wrong attitude we adopt towards it.

1. To make life happy and to get success ………. is needed.
(A) to face life bravely
(B) to face life bravely and honestly
(C) to think how to make life happy
(D) None of these
2. Who will never get any happiness?
(A) Those who only think that their lot is mean and poor.
(B) Those who think that life can’t be happy.
(C) Those who always complain of their problems.
(D) None of these


People moan about poverty as a great evil, and it seems to be an accepted belief that if people only had plenty of money, they would be happy and useful and get more out of life.

As a rule, there is more genuine satisfaction in life and more ob- tained from life in the humble cottage of the poor man than in palaces of the rich. I always pity the sons and daughters of rich men, who are attended by servants and have governesses at a later age, and the same time 1 am glad to think that they do not know what they have missed.

1. What is regarded as a great evil? 
(A) Money
(B) Battle between the rich and the poor
(C) Lack of money
(D) None of these
2. What is an accepted belief among people?
(A) Plenty of money will remove their misery. .
(B) Plenty of money will make them happy and useful
(C) Money is an evil.
(D) None of these
3. Who are brought up by governesses?
(A) The children of a rich family
(B) The children of a poor family
(C) The sons of a rich family
(D) The daughters of a poor family
4. Why is the author glad?
(A) Because the children of a rich family are not aware of their missings.
(B) Because the children of a poor family become rich.
(C) Because some children are attended by servants and govern- esses.
(D) There is more genuine satisfaction in poor men’s life than that of a rich man’s.


It is the height of a selfishness for men, who fully appreciate in their own case the great advantages of good education, to deny these advan- tages to women. There is no valid argument by which the exclusion of the female sex from the privilege of education can be defended. It is argued that women have their domestic duties to perform and that, if they were educated, they would bury themselves in their books and have little time for attending to the management of their households.

1. How can the exclusion of the female sex from the privilege of education be defended ?
(A) By some strong arguments
(B) Keeping their household-work in view
(C) Because they are not able enough
(D) By no means
2. Which of the following statements according to the passage is TRUE?
(A) Men don’t understand the advantages of a good education.
(B) Men deny the advantages of a good education to women.
(C) It is very difficult to educated women.
(D) None of these
3. Why do men fear a good education to women?
(A) They think that women will equalise them.
(B) To provide a good education to women will be a loss of means.
(C) Women will give all importance to books and not care the management of their households.
(D) None of these
4. Are men justified in their opinion?
(A) Yes
(B) No
(C) Can’t say
(D) Partially


Happy is the man who acquires the habit of reading when he is young. He has secured a life-long source of pleasure, instruction and. inspiration. So long as he has his beloved books, he need never feel lonely. He always has a pleasant occupation of leisure moment, so that he need never feel bored. He is the possessor of wealth more precious than gold.

1. What is life-long source of pleasure?
(A) Instruction
(B) Inspiration
(C) Good habit
(D) The habit of reading
2. We can never be bored if we have
(A) our beloved books
(B) got the habit of reading
(C) got leisure moments
(D) None of these
3. “The wealth of books is more precious than gold.” why?
(A) Books are costlier than gold
(B) Books are more useful than gold
(C) We can have as many books as we may want
(D) Books are life-long friends
4. When should the habit of reading be acquired?
(A) When one is young
(B) When one is healthy
(C) When one is too young.
(D) When one is able to understand what he reads


According to a Greek legend, a man had a wife named Pandora. There was no other woman on earth at that time. She had a box given by Jupiter, king of the gods. Within it were shut up ali the good fairies who make men happy Pandora did not know this, but she was asked never to look into the box. One day her curiosity got the better of her, and she lifted the lid, all fairies came out and flew away. Only the sweet fairy of hope was left when Paridora closed the box but all the others were lost to mankind for ever.

1. What were shut up within the box?
(A) All the fairies
(B) All the good fairies
(C) King of the gods
(D) Hope
2. Pandora knew that if she lifted the lid, the faries, would flee away.
(A) True
(B) False
(C) Can’t say
(D) None of these
3. What was Pandora asked to do?
(A) To open the box when she desired
(B) Not to open the box
(C) Not know
(D) None of these
4. “Her curiosity got the better of her.” What does it mean?
(A) She liked to look into the box.
(B) She could not resist her desire to look into the box.
(C) Her curiosity was better than her desire..
(D) Can’t be said:
5. What can be concluded from the passage?
(A) Men were happy in the beginning, sorrow came to them later.
(B) All fairies were lost to mankind for ever.
(C) Only the sweet fairy of hope was lost to mankind.
(D) None of these


Frenzy overtook him. There were stones under his heel, he picked them up and with all his strength hurled them at his tormentors. Two or three were struck and ran away yelling, and so formidable did he appear that the rest became panic-stricken. Cowards, like a jeering crowd in the presence of an exasperated man, they brode up and fled. Left alone, the little thing without a father set off running towards the fields, for a recollection had been awakened which nerved his soul to a great determination.

1. The statement “the rest became panic-stricken” means-
(A) they felt sorry
(B) they were exhausted
(C) they saw a ghost
(D) they were frightened
2. Which one of the following indicates state of the boy?
(A) frenzed
(B) fearful
(C) irritated
(D) alienated
3. Which of the following words of the passage best convey the reac- tion of the boy?
(A) With all his strength hurled them at his tormentors
(B) So formidable
(C) Set off running towards the field
(D) Nerved his soul to a great determination
4. “Tormentors” in the passage mean-
(A) Those who cause physical and mental suffering
(B) Those who tease people
(C) Those who frighten people
(D) Those who enjoy making fun of others


Will though he never heard anything like this, and he kept on asking question after question about the world that lay away down the river, with all its perils and marvels, until the old miller became quite interested himself, and at last took him by the hand and led him to the hill-top that overlooks the valley and the plain. The sun was near setting, and hung low down in a cloudless sky. Everything was defined and glorified in golden light. Will had never seen so great an expanse of country in his life, he stood and gazed with all his eyes.

1. The old miller led Will to the hill-top so that
(A) the boy could see the river
(B) he could talk to him
(C) the boy could explore things on his own
(D) the boy could enjoy the panoramic beauty of the scene
2. The statement, “he stood and gazed with all his eyes” means that-
(A) the boy was horrified
(B) he was bewildered
(C) he was enraptured
(D) he was nonplussed
3. Which of the following statements in acceptable with reference to the passage?
(A) Will was simple and innocent
(B) Will was curious and observant
(C) Will was fond of adventure
(D) Will was dull and ignorant
4. Which of the following best reflects the underlying tone of the passage?
(A) Man loves nature
(B) Man is adventurous
(C) Man enjoys life
(D) Man’s spirit yearns for beauty and knowledge
5. Will kept on questioning about-
(A) the world that lay beyond what he saw
(B) the golden light of the evening
(C) the country side
(D) the valley and its people


In despair she had dropped the subject for the time, only to renew it at the first opportunity. I became impatient at her repeated attempts and seizing the new doll, I dashed it upon the floor. I was keenly delighted when I felt the fragments of the broken doll at my feet. Neither sorrow nor regret followed my passionate outburst. I had not loved the doll. In the still dark world in which I lived there was no strong sentiment or tenderness.

1. She had dropped the subject because-
(A) she was bored
(B) she was angry
(C) she didn’t know what to do
(D) she knew that I was not interested
2. The speaker dashed the dol! because-
(A) she did not like it
(B) she didn’t know what to do with it
(C) she was angry
(D) her tutor persisted on going back to the subject
3. When the speaker saw the fragments of the doll she was-
(A) sorry
(B) dejected
(C) ashamed
(D) happy
4. Passionate outburst means-
(A) Expression of strong emotion
(B) Improper behaviour
(C) Extreme view
(D) Abnormal conduct
5. The speaker broke the doll-
(A) because she hated it
(B) she didn’t expect a doll for a gift
(C) in order to register her protest
(D) by mistake


Our world nas a heritage of culture and beauty, but unfortunately we have been handing on this heritage only to the less active and impor- tant members of each generation. The government of the world, by which I do not mean its ministeria! posts but its key positions of power, has been allowed to tail into the hands of men ignorant of the past, without tenderness towards what is traditional, without understanding what they are destroying. There is no essential lesson why this should be the case. To prevent it is an educational problem, and not a very difficult one.

1. Our world has a heritage of culture means- 
(A) a richness of tradition
(B) an inherited cultural tradition
(C) cultures which are now extint
(D) cultures which are now present
2. “The less active and important people’ are the-
(A) common people
(B) lazy people
(C) people who are in position of power
(D) uncommitted people
3. “Men ignorant of the past” means-
(A) those with no awareness
(B) those who ignore the lessons of history
(C) those who do not learn from experience
(D) those who have no respect for the past
4. Education can improve the situation by-
(A) teaching history
(B) making leaders aware of the world’s culture
(C) giving lectures
(D) proper adult education
5. The passage is about-
(A) culture and anarchy
(B) the lack of culture among the masses
(C) popular ignorance
(D) the lack of cultural awarness of the rulers


So wonderfully is the aeroplane shaped that in fight it will largely take care of itself. It always wants to do the right thing, whatever is necessary to keep itself flying. Many people think the piloting is a balancing stunt, much like walking tight rope. Actually the art of piloting consists of about nine-tenth of doing nothing and trusting the aeroplane. Many people think that on the slightest lapse of the pilot’s attention an aeroplane will go into a spin, Actually a stall or spin is brought on only by heavy misuse of the controls.

1. The most important factor that gives an aeroplane stability is its-
(A) pilot
(B) shape
(C) propeller
(D) controls
2. When a plane stalls or spins the pilot should-  
(A) do nothing
(B) prepare to eject
(C) restore all controls to their normal positions
(D) call of help
3. What will happen immediately to a plane if the pilot’s hands are tied by a hijacker?
(A) it will start
(B) it will lose its direction
(C) it will start losing height
(D) it will take care of itself
4. Is piloting a balancing stunt?
(A) Yes, it is pilot’s skill that keeps the plane balanced.
(B) No, the pilot does precious little to keep the plane balanced.
(C) Yes, without the pilot’s proper control, the plane would start spinning.
(D) No, it is no stunt, every pilot uses his skill to keep the plane properly balanced.
5. ‘Stall’ here means-
(A) loss of direction
(B) loss of speed
(C) instability
(D) stoppage of engines
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Ajit kumar

Sub Editor-in-Chief at Jaankari Rakho Web Portal

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